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Friday, 18 October 2013

George's seaside adventure - George III in Weymouth

George III  from The History of the Reign of George III   by Robert Bissett (1822)
George III
from The History of the Reign of George III
 by Robert Bissett (1822)
George 's seaside adventure

George III was a frequent visitor to my home town of Weymouth. He visited nearly every year between 1789 and 1805. In my presentation, George’s seaside adventure, I talk about the King’s first visit to Weymouth in 1789 and share two of the more unusual things that happened to him on that occasion.


Did it really happen like that?

Both anecdotes are recorded by Fanny Burney in the Diaries and letters of Madame d'Arblay (1). Fanny was second keeper of the robes to Queen Charlotte at the time and accompanied the royal party to Weymouth. Apparently the mayor of Weymouth really did have a wooden leg. Unfortunately, though his excuse for not kneeling was perfectly reasonable, the rest of his party followed his lead, and none of them knelt before the King and Queen!

Fanny Burney  from Diary and letters of Madame D'Arblay (1846)
Fanny Burney
from Diary and letters of Madame D'Arblay (1846)
The whole country celebrated the King’s recovery from his incapacitating illness with zeal. Everywhere the King went, crowds of people turned up to see him, frequently launching into the national anthem and cheering His Majesty. Weymouth was no exception.

Fanny Burney wrote:
"The king, and queen, and princesses, and their suite, walked out in the evening; an immense crowd attended them—sailors bargemen, mechanics, countrymen; and all united with so vociferous a volley of "God save the king," that the noise was stunning." (2)
"The preparations of festive loyalty were universal. Not a child could we meet that had not a bandeau round its head, cap, or hat, of "God save the king;" all the bargemen wore it in cockades and even the bathing-women had it in large coarse girdles round their waists. It is printed in golden letters upon most of the bathing-machines, and in various scrolls and devices it adorns every shop and almost every house in the two towns." (2)
The story of the band playing when George III went for his first dip was famously caricatured in John Nixon’s print.

Royal dipping – print by John Nixon, published   by William Holland (1789)  © British Museum
Royal dipping – print by John Nixon, published
 by William Holland (1789)  © British Museum
Fanny Burney wrote:
"The king bathes, and with great success; a machine follows the royal one into the sea, filled with fiddlers, who play "God save the king," as his majesty takes his plunge!" (2)
Read more about George III in Weymouth.

If you enjoyed this video, you might like my other YouTube videos:
The three Charlottes – Queen Charlotte, Princess Royal and Princess Charlotte of Wales.
A litter of cupolas – Brighton Pavilion in 1823.
Regency History's YouTube channel.

Note
(1) Madame d'Arblay is Fanny Burney's married name.
(2) From the Diary and letters of Madame D'Arblay by Fanny Burney (1846)

Sources used include:
Burney, Fanny, Diary and letters of Madame D'Arblay, edited by her niece, Charlotte Barrett (Henry Colburn, 1846, London)
Chedzoy, Alan, Seaside Sovereign - King George III at Weymouth (The Dovecote Press, 2003, Wimborne)

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