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Tuesday, 28 April 2015

The Prime Ministers of George III (1760-1820)

4 Prime Ministers of George III  From left to right: Lord Bute, Lord North,William Pitt the Younger, Lord Liverpoo
4 Prime Ministers of George III
Left to right: Lord Bute, Lord North,William Pitt the Younger, Lord Liverpool (2)
George III is still the longest reigning British King, ruling from 1760 to 1820. He had 14 different Prime Ministers over those 60 years—six Tories and eight Whigs. They included two pairs of fathers and sons: William Pitt the Elder and his son William Pitt the Younger, and George Grenville and his son William Wyndham Grenville. They also included the only British Prime Minister ever to be assassinated—Spencer Perceval.

Find my guides to the Prime Ministers of George IV here and William IV here.

George III's Prime Ministers

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
Whig – 1757-1762

Thomas Pelham-Holles,  1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne  by William Hoare (c1752) © NPG 757 (1)
Thomas Pelham-Holles,
1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne
Pastel by William Hoare (c1752)
© NPG 757 (1)
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
Tory – 1762-1763

Lord Bute from The Historical and Posthumous Memoirs of Sir Nathaniel Wraxall (1884)
Lord Bute from The Historical and Posthumous
Memoirs of Sir Nathaniel Wraxall (1884)
George Grenville
Whig – 1763-1765

George Grenville  by and published by Richard Houston  after William Hoare mezzotint (c1750-75)  © NPG D20047 (cropped) (1)
George Grenville
by and published by Richard Houston
after William Hoare mezzotint (c1750-75)
© NPG D20047 (cropped) (1)
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
Whig – 1765-1766

Charles Watson-Wentworth,2nd Marquess  of Rockingham after Sir Joshua Reynolds,  oil on canvas, feigned oval (c1768)  © NPG 406 (1)
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess
of Rockingham, after Sir Joshua Reynolds,
oil on canvas, feigned oval (c1768)
© NPG 406 (1)
William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham
Whig – 1766-1768

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham,  studio of William Hoare, oil on canvas (c1754)  © NPG 1050 (1)
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham,
studio of William Hoare, oil on canvas (c1754)
© NPG 1050 (1)
Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton
Whig – 1768-1770

Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton,  by Pompeo Batoni, oil on canvas,   feigned oval (1762) © NPG 4899
Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton,
by Pompeo Batoni, oil on canvas,
feigned oval (1762) © NPG 4899 (1)
Lord Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guildford
Tory – 1770-1782

Frederick, Lord North,  from The Last Journals of Horace Walpole (1910)
Frederick, Lord North,
from The Last Journals of Horace Walpole (1910)
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
Whig – 1782 (2nd term of office)

Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess  of Rockingham, after Sir Joshua Reynolds,  oil on canvas, feigned oval (c1768)  © NPG 406 (1)
Charles Watson-Wentworth,
2nd Marquess of Rockingham
(Details as above)
William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne (Lord Shelburne)
Whig – 1782-1783

William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne,  (Lord Shelburne) after Sir Joshua Reynolds  oil on canvas 1766 © NPG43 (1)
William Petty, 1st Marquess of Lansdowne,
(Lord Shelburne) after Sir Joshua Reynolds
oil on canvas (1766) © NPG 43 (1)
William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
Whig – 1783

William Henry Cavendish Bentinck,   3rd Duke of Portland, by William Evans   after Sir Joshua Reynolds, stipple engraving  pub 1811 ©NPG D31637 (Cropped & lightened) (1)
William Henry Cavendish Bentinck,
3rd Duke of Portland, by William Evans
after Sir Joshua Reynolds, stipple engraving
pub 1811 ©NPG D31637 (Cropped & lightened) (1)
William Pitt the Younger 
Tory – 1783-1801

William Pitt the Younger from Posthumous Memoirs of his own time by N Wraxall (1836)
William Pitt the Younger
from Posthumous Memoirs of his own time
by N Wraxall (1836)
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth 
Tory – 1801-1804

Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth  by Sir William Beechey, oil on canvas  engraved 1803 © NPG 5774 (1)
Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth
by Sir William Beechey, oil on canvas
engraved 1803 © NPG 5774 (1)
William Pitt the Younger 
Tory – 1804-1806 (2nd term of office)

William Pitt the Younger from Posthumous Memoirs of his own time by N Wraxall (1836)
William Pitt the Younger
(details as above)
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
Whig – 1806-1807

William Wyndham Grenville,  1st Baron Grenville by John Hoppner  oil on canvas (c1800)  © NPG318 (lightened) (1)
William Wyndham Grenville,
1st Baron Grenville by John Hoppner
oil on canvas (c1800)
© NPG 318 (1)
William Henry Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
Whig – 1807-1809 (2nd term of office)

William Henry Cavendish Bentinck,  3rd Duke of Portland, by William Evans  after Sir Joshua Reynolds, stipple engraving  pub 1811 ©NPG D31637 (Cropped & lightened) (1)
William Bentinck, 3rd Duke
of Portland (details as above)
Spencer Perceval
Tory – 1809-1812

Spencer Perceval,  from The Life and Administration of the Right Hon Spencer Perceval  by Charles Williams (1813)
Spencer Perceval,
from The Life and Administration
of the Right Hon Spencer Perceval

by Charles Williams (1813)
Read about Spencer Perceval's assassination here. 

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool 
Tory – 1812-1827

Lord Liverpool, from the   European Magazine and London Review (1818)
Lord Liverpool, from the 
European Magazine and London Review (1818)
Notes
(1) These pictures are © National Portrait Gallery and are displayed under a Creative Commons licence.
(2) For source details of pictures in collage, see under the relevant Prime Minister above.

Sources used include:
Government website - past Prime Ministers
National Portrait Gallery website

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