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Monday, 22 April 2013

The royal family of George III

George III



George III
Born: 4 June 1738
Acceded to the throne: 25 October 1760
Died: 29 January 1820


Queen Charlotte



Married
8 September 1761
Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz:
Queen Charlotte
Born: 19 May 1744
Died: 17 November 1818
15 children, 9 sons and 6 daughters:


George, Prince of Wales


1. George Augustus Frederick, Prince of Wales
George IV (1820-1830) 
Born: 12 August 1762
Became Regent: 5 February1811
Acceded to the throne: 29 January 1820
Died: 26 June 1830

Caroline, Princess of Wales



Married 
8 April 1795
Princess Caroline of Brunswick:
Caroline, Princess of Wales
Born: 17 May 1768
Died: 7 August 1821



Princess Charlotte of Wales



One child:
Princess Charlotte of Wales
Born: 7 January 1796
Died: 6 November 1817
No surviving children



Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg



Married 
2 May 1816
Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg
Born: 16 December 1790
Died: 10 December 1865



Frederick, Duke of York and Albany


2. Prince Frederick,
Duke of York and Albany
Born: 16 August 1763
Died:  5 January 1827




Frederica, Duchess of York



Married
29 September 1791
Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia:
Frederica, Duchess of York
Born: 7 May 1767
Died: 6 August 1820
No children



William IV, Duke of Clarence

3. Prince William Henry, Duke of Clarence
William IV (1830-1837)
Born: 21 August 1765
Acceded to the throne:  26 June 1830
Died: 20 June 1837


Queen Adelaide


Married
11 July 1818
Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen:
Queen Adelaide
Born: 13 August 1792
Died: 2 December 1849
No surviving children





Princess Charlotte Augusta Matilda

4. Charlotte Augusta Matilda,
Princess Royal
Born: 29 September 1766
Married: 18 May 1797 to Prince Friedrich William, the Hereditary Prince of Württemberg
Died: 6 October 1828
No surviving children



Edward, Duke of Kent


5. Prince Edward Augustus,
Duke of Kent and Strathearn
Born: 2 November 1767
Died:  23 January 1820



Victoria, Duchess of Kent



Married
29 May 1818
Princess Victoria Mary Louisa of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld:
Duchess of Kent
Born: 17 August 1786
Died: 16 March 1861




Queen Victoria
One child:
Princess Alexandrina Victoria
Queen Victoria (1837-1901)
Born: 24 May 1819
Acceded to the throne: 20 June 1837
Married: 10 February 1840 to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Died: 22 January 1901
9 children

Princess Augusta Sophia


6. Princess Augusta Sophia
Born: 8 November 1768
Died: 22 September 1840








Princess Elizabeth


7. Princess Elizabeth
Born:  22 May 1770
Married: 7 April 1818 to Prince Frederick of Hesse-Homburg
Died:  10 January 1840
No children




Ernest, Duke of Cumberland

8. Prince Ernest Augustus,
Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, King of Hanover
Born: 5 June 1771
Acceded to the throne of Hanover:  20 June 1837
Died:  18 November 1851




Frederica, Duchess of Cumberland

Married
29 May 1815
Princess Frederica of Solms-Braunfels in Neustrelitz:
Duchess of Cumberland
Born: 3 March 1778
Died: 29 June 1841
One child, George




Augustus, Duke of Sussex

9. Prince Augustus Frederick,
Duke of Sussex
Born: 27 January 1773
Married illegally:
(1) 4 April 1793 to Lady Augusta Murray
(2) 2 May 1831 to Cecilia, Lady Buggin, Duchess of Inverness
Died:  21 April 1843
No legitimate children


Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge


10. Prince Adolphus Frederick,
Duke of Cambridge
Born: 24 February 1774
Died:  8 July 1850






Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge


Married
7 May 1818
Princess Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Cassel:
Duchess of Cambridge
Born: 25 July 1797
Died: 6 April 1889
Three children: George, Augusta and Mary


Princess Mary


11. Princess Mary,
Duchess of Gloucester
Born: 25 April 1776
Died:  30 April 1857
No children



William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester



Married
22 July 1816
William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester
Born: 15 January 1776
Died: 30 November 1834


Princess Sophia



12. Princess Sophia
Born:  3 November 1777
Died:  27 May 1848






Prince Octavius


13. Prince Octavius
Born: 23 February 1779
Died: 3 May 1783







Prince Alfred



14. Prince Alfred
Born: 22 September 1780
Died: 20 August 1782







Princess Amelia



15. Princess Amelia
Born: 7 August 1783
Died:  2 November 1810






Sources of pictures:
George III (5)
Queen Charlotte (8)
George IV, Caroline of Brunswick, Prince Leopold (4)
Charlotte, Princess of Wales, Duke of York, Duchess of Kent, Duchess of Cumberland, Duchess of Cambridge (1)
Duchess of York, William IV, Princess Royal, Duke of Kent, Princess Sophia, Princess Elizabeth, Duke of Cumberland, Duke of Sussex, Duke of Cambridge, Princess Mary, Duke of Gloucester, Princess Sophia (7)
Queen Adelaide (3)
Queen Victoria (6)
Princess Amelia (2)
Prince Alfred and Prince Octavius by Mirabelle Knowles (2012) after Thomas Gainsborough (1782)

(1) Bell, John, La Belle Assemblée (John Bell, 1806-1837, London)
(2) European Magazine and London Review (1810)
(3) Huish, Robert, History of the life and reign of William the Fourth (William Emans, 1837, London)
(4) Huish, Robert, Memoirs of her late royal highness Charlotte Augusta (1818)
(5) Oulton, Walley Chamberlain, Authentic and Impartial Memoirs of Her Late Majesty Charlotte,  Queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1819, London)
(6) Victoria, Queen, The Girlhood of Queen Victoria, A Selection from Her Majesty's Diaries between the years 1832 and 1840, edited Viscount Esher 2 Volumes (1912)
(7) Watkins, John, A Biographical Memoir of Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (1827, London)
(8) Watkins, John, Memoirs of her most excellent majesty Sophia-Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain (1819, London)

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